SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL ANALYSIS ON THE EVOLUTION CHARACTERISTICS OF LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE IN THE PEARL RIVER DELTA REGION
Keywords: Pearl River Delta, land surface temperature, spatial and temporal evolution
Abstract. With the rapid development of social economy and the continuous progress of urbanization in the Pearl River Delta region, the urban surface temperature had a significant change, which seriously affects people's normal life. The MOD11B3 LST_Day_6km product and other auxiliary data were selected as data sources, and the temperature-standard deviation method, the profile method and the coefficient method were used to analyze the spatial and temporal evolution characteristics of land surface temperature in the Pearl River Delta Region from 2000–2015. The research results showed that: (1) the maximum surface temperature from 2000 to 2015 in June, July and August showed an upward trend, while the minimum temperature showed a fluctuation downward trend, and the average temperature changed gently. (2) the surface temperature had a spatial pattern of low on all sides, and high in the middle. The high temperature zone were mainly distributed in Guangzhou, Dongguan, Foshan and Shenzhen cities and the surrounding areas. And the high temperature areas were more concentrated and showed a spreading direction of East and South. (3) The profile analysis showed that the surface temperature had a double-peak feature along the profile line, and the temperature decreased with the distance farther away from the center of the high temperature zone. (4) The correlation coefficient between land surface temperature and elevation, vegetation index were −0.551 and −0.734 respectively, both passing p < 0.01 significance test, indicating that the surface temperature had a significant negative correlation relationship with elevation and vegetation index. Therefore, strengthen urban greening is of great significance to the healthy development of the city.