RESEARCH ON BROKEN ROAD CONNECTION METHOD AFTER ROAD EXTRACTION FROM HIGH-RESOLUTION REMOTE SENSING IMAGE
- 1College of Geomatics and Geoinformation, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, China
- 2School of Geography and Information Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430078, China
- 3Huizhou Daya Bay Economic and Technological Development Zone Land and Resources Surveying and Mapping, Huizhou 516081, China
Keywords: Remote Sensing Image, Broken Road Connection, Spatial Connectivity, Polynomial Curves, The U-Net Network
Abstract. Aiming at the problem of disconnection after road classification of remote sensing image, this paper proposes an optimization method for broken road connection considering spatial connectivity. The method extracts the road skeleton based on the binarized image after road extraction, and uses the eight neighborhood detection algorithm to find the road breakpoints after road extraction of high-resolution remote sensing image, and removes the isolated points of the road edge according to mathematical morphology filtering. Secondly, use K-means clustering algorithm to search for road breakpoints, and eliminate invalid breakpoints; then, fit the breakpoints of each category through polynomial curves, and record the mathematics of each fitted curve expression; Finally, the coordinate sequences between each kind of breakpoint is calculated according to each fitted polynomial, and the corresponding pixel is filled with the width of the road to realize automatic detection and connection. In this paper, the images after road extraction based on the U-Net network is used to test the method. The results show that the proposed method can better connect the roads formed by road or building shadows. Especially, the single broken road , has a high integrity of the road shape after repairing. The method proposed in this paper has certain reference significance for the classification and repair of linear objects such as roads, power grids and tracks.