CNN BASED DETECTION OF BUILDING ROOFS FROM HIGH RESOLUTION SATELLITE IMAGES
- Department of Remote Sensing Science and Technology, School of Geomatics and Urban Informatics, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, 100044, China
Keywords: Building roofs, CNN, VHR images
Abstract. The detection and reconstruction of building have attracted more attention in the community of remote sensing and computer vision. Light detection and ranging (LiDAR) has been proved to be a good way to extract building roofs, while we have to face the problem of data shortage for most of the time. In this paper, we tried to extract the building roofs from very high resolution (VHR) images of Chinese satellite Gaofen-2 by employing convolutional neural network (CNN). It has been proved that the CNN is of a higher capability of recognizing detailed features which may not be classified out by object-based classification approach. Several major steps are concerned in this study, such as generation of training dataset, model training, image segmentation and building roofs recognition. First, urban objects such as trees, roads, squares and buildings were classified based on random forest algorithm by an object-oriented classification approach, the building regions were separated from other classes at the aid of visually interpretation and correction; Next, different types of building roofs mainly categorized by color and size information were trained using the trained CNN. Finally, the industrial and residential building roofs have been recognized individually and the results have been validated individually. The assessment results prove effectiveness of the proposed method with approximately 91% and 88% of quality rates in detection industrial and residential building roofs, respectively. Which means that the CNN approach is prospecting in detecting buildings with a very higher accuracy.