DESIGN AND IMPLEMENT OF A CONICAL AIRBORNE LIDAR SCANNING SYSTEM
Keywords: Airborne LiDAR, Conical Scanning System, Optical system, Refracting prism
Abstract. At present, the main LiDAR is single-point lidar. APD arrays and laser arrays are restricted to exit, so the number of area array LiDAR is scarce. Single-point lidar can't form a scanning pattern with only one laser point on the ground after launching laser, so it must have a set of scanning device for single-point lidar. The scanning device designed in this paper forms a circular scanning area on the ground by rotating the refraction prism, and at the same time forms a conical field of view. At present, marine LiDAR uses this kind of scanner more frequently. The advantages of this scanner are: simple mechanical structure and smooth operation. Overlapping elliptical scanning trajectories can be obtained during flight, which increases scanning density. Ultra-low dispersion glass is used as refractive prism in this paper. In a certain range of laser frequencies, the refractive prism has almost the same effect on laser refraction at different frequencies. The simulation results show that the scanner can be used as a common LiDAR scanner or a dual-frequency LiDAR scanner.