PHOTOGRAMMETRIC TECHNIQUES FOR PALEOANTHROPOLOGICAL OBJECTS PRESERVING AND STUDYING
- 1State Research Institute of Aviation System (GosNIIAS), 125319 Moscow, Russia
- 2Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT), Russia
- 3Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology RAS, Moscow, Russia
- 4Research Center Crystallography and Photonics RAS, Shatura, Russia
- 5Moscow State Medical-Stomatological University, Moscow, Russia
Keywords: Fossil, Accuracy, Automation, 3D model, Palaeoanthropology, Non-contact measurements
Abstract. Paleo-anthropological research has its specificity closely related with studied objects. Their complicated shape arises from anatomical features of human skull and other skeletal bones. The degree of preservation is associated with the fragility of palaeo-anthropological material which usually has high historical and scientific value. The circumstances mentioned above enhance the relevance of photogrammetry implementation in anthropological studies. Thus, such combination of scientific methodologies with up-to-date technology creates a potential for improvement of various stages of palaeo-anthropological studies. This can be referred to accurate documenting of anthropological material and creation of databases accessible for wide range of users, predominantly research scientists and students; preservation of highly valuable samples and possibility of sharing information as 3D images or printed copies, improving co-operation of scientists world-wide; potential for replication of contact anthropometric studies on 3D images or printed copies providing for development of new biometric methods, and etc. This paper presents an approach based on photogrammetric techniques and non-contact measurements, providing technological and methodological development of paleo-anthropological studies, including data capturing, processing and representing.