THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL APPLICATION OF MULTI-SENSOR REMOTE SENSING DATA IN QIN YONGCHENG SITE
- 1Meihang Remote Sensing Information CO., LTD, Xi’an 710199, China
- 2Chinese Academy of surveying and mapping, Beijing 100830, China
Keywords: Remote sensing，archaeology，LST，Kautlr-Thomas Transformation，Principal Component Analysis
Abstract. Remote sensing archaeology bases on the use of remote sensing images and interpretation of the principles. The historic relics and sites are resulted from human activities and have constantly caused influences on the soil component, moisture content, temperature, vegetation growth and so on. Based on this thought, this paper proposed a new remote sensing model and approach that integrates optical and thermal infrared remote sensing data for archaeology. Taking the Qin Yongcheng site as the example, this method conducts a comprehensive analysis of key factors affecting archaeological application, that is, LST estimated with Landsat TM data, soil brightness, humidity and greenness obtained from GF-1 data, and then interprets the potential site targets. By conducting the field verification, it is shown that the interpreted potential sites are well consisted with the field investigations and have a high interpretation precision. It can provide a guide for further archaeological research.