APPROACH TO 3D ANALYSIS OF GRAVITY PTOSIS
- 1Department of plastic surgery, Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Russia
- 2CM Systems LLC
Keywords: gravity ptosis, plastic surgery, SMAS-lifting, ageing
Abstract. The assessment of ptosis degree for rejuvenation procedures, the choice of following operation technique and evaluation of surgery result are based on subjective visual examination and surgeon’s experience.
The photogrammetric scans of 25 female patients of age 20 to 55 in vertical and supine (horizontal) position of body with placing the regular marker points on the face were analyzed. For 5 patients, also the CT data was acquired and segmentation of soft tissue was performed. Four of these patients underwent SMAS-lifting, the photogrammetry scanning was repeat 6 months after the operation.
Computer vision algorithms was used for markers detection on the 3D model texture, marker were projected from texture to triangular mesh. 3D mesh models were registered with user defined anatomy points and pair selection based on markers location was done. Pairs of points on vertical and horizontal 3D models were analyzed for surface tissue mobility examination.
The migration vectors of each side of the face are uniformly directed upwards and laterally. The vectors are projected at the areas of so-called ligaments demonstrate no evidence in deviation from row sequences.
The volume migration is strongly correlates with the age of examined patients, on the contrary the point migration moderately correlates with age in patients of 30 to 50 years old.
The analysis of migration vectors before and after the SMAS-lifting revealed no significant changes in surface points’ migration. The described method allows to assess the mechanical conditions of individual face and evaluate efficacy of surgery. This approach can be used for the classification of face ptosis grade.