LOCALIZATION OF PATHOLOGY ON COMPLEX ARCHITECTURE BUILDING SURFACES
- 1Laboratory of Geodesy & Geomatics, Department of Civil Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, 54124, Greece
- 2Master of Science on Protection, Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Monuments, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, 54124, Greece
Keywords: Laser Scanning, Point Cloud, Heritage, Complex Architecture, Pathology
Abstract. The technology of 3D laser scanning is considered as one of the most common methods for heritage documentation. The point clouds that are being produced provide information of high detail, both geometric and thematic. There are various studies that examine techniques of the best exploitation of this information. In this study, an algorithm of pathology localization, such as cracks and fissures, on complex building surfaces is being tested. The algorithm makes use of the points’ position in the point cloud and tries to distinguish them in two groups-patterns; pathology and non-pathology. The extraction of the geometric information that is being used for recognizing the pattern of the points is being accomplished via Principal Component Analysis (PCA) in user-specified neighborhoods in the whole point cloud. The implementation of PCA leads to the definition of the normal vector at each point of the cloud. Two tests that operate separately examine both local and global geometric criteria among the points and conclude which of them should be categorized as pathology. The proposed algorithm was tested on parts of the Gazi Evrenos Baths masonry, which are located at the city of Giannitsa at Northern Greece.