THREE-DIMENSIONAL MAPPING OF AN ANCIENT CAVE PAINTINGS USING CLOSE-RANGE PHOTOGRAMMETRY AND TERRESTRIAL LASER SCANNING TECHNOLOGIES
- 1Geospatial Imaging and Information Research Group, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
- 2Universiti Teknologi MARA, Arau, Perlis, Malaysia
- 3Department Of National Heritage, Malaysia
Keywords: Three-dimensional, cave painting, terrestrial laser scanning, close-range photogrammetry, non-contact
Abstract. The paper describes the used of close-range photogrammetry and terrestrial laser scanning technologies as an innovative technology for acquiring the three-dimensional data of an ancient cave paintings. The close-range photogrammetry technology used in the research was divided in two categories which are the UAV-based close-range photogrammetry and the terrestrialbased close-range photogrammetry. The UAV-based technology involved with the used of calibrated Phantom 4 System while the terrestrial-based technology involved with the calibrated Sony F828 digital camera and pPhotoModeler software. Both stereo and convergent image acquisition techniques were used to acquire the images of the paintings. The ancient cave paintings were also recorded using terrestrial laser scanning technology. In the research, the FARO Focus 3D terrestrial laser scanner was used to capture the three-dimensional point clouds and images of the paintings. The finding shows that both close-range photogrammetry and laser scanning technologies provide excellent solutions to map and to record the ancient paintings. As compared to the conventional method, both close-range photogrammetry and terrestrial laser scanning technology provide a noncontact solution for data acquisition and the data was recorded in digital format for better protection and security.