COMPREHENSIVE DIGITAL DOCUMENTATION AND PRELIMINARY STRUCTURAL ASSESSMENT OF SATUNSAT: A UNIQUE MAYA ARCHITECTURAL LABYRINTH AT OXKINTOK, YUCATAN, MEXICO
Keywords: Maya, Yucatan, architecture, laser scanning, photogrammetry, structural analysis
Abstract. Located in the Puuc region of Yucatan, Mexico, the Labyrinth of Oxkintok, also known as Satunsat, is one of the most enigmatic ancient structures in the northern Maya lowlands. Inside this otherwise unremarkable terraced building platform is a series of interconnected vaulted passageways and horizontal ducts that spans three levels. In 2016, we conducted a comprehensive digital documentation of the exterior and interior surfaces and spaces of Satunsat via terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) and structure-from-motion (SfM) photogrammetry. The result is a fused, geometrically accurate, full coverage model with exceptional color and texture fidelity. These data enabled a preliminary structural health assessment and evaluation of the varied masonry techniques employed in the construction of Satunsat and can inform future studies related to the structure’s function and meaning.