3D RECONSTRUCTION OF THE ANCIENT EGYPTIAN MUMMY SKELETON FROM THE PUSHKIN STATE MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS (I,1 1240)
- 1National Research Center Kurchatov Institute, Russia
- 2Research Center Crystallography and Photonics RAS, Shatura, Russia
- 3Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology RAS, Moscow, Russia
- 4The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Russia
Keywords: Paleoanthropology, Mummies, Non-contact measurements, Digital model, Additive technologies, Computed tomography
Abstract. The aim of this study was to obtain a non-destructive three-dimensional model of the ancient Egyptian mummy skeleton from the collection of the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts (I,1 1240). The objective of this research was to study the possibility of precise segmentation of bone structures and their separation from the surrounding mummified soft tissues, as well as the reconstruction of destroyed bone fragments according to the preserved shape. With the help of additive technology made all fragments of the skeleton, including the distal phalanx. The digital models and plastic reconstructions of historical artifacts can be used for further research, for example, the biomechanical and morphometric ones, as well as for the purpose of information and education, or as a supplement to the original museum objects.