THE GEO-REFERENCED XIX CENTURY CARTOGRAPHY: AN ANALYSIS TOOL AND A PROJECT REFERENCE FOR THE PRESERVATION AND MANAGEMENT OF BUILT AND LANDSCAPE HERITAGE
- 1DASTU – Dipartimento di Architettura e Studi Urbani (Department of Architecture and Urban Studies), Politecnico di Milano, Italy
- 2DABC – Dipartimento di Architettura, Ingegneria delle costruzioni e Ambiente costruito (Department of Architecture, Built environment and Construction engineering), Politecnico di Milano, Italy
- 3PhD architect freelance, Studio Lunigiana15, Milan, and DASTU – Dipartimento di Architettura e Studi Urbani (Department of Architecture and Urban Studies), Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Keywords: Preservation, Built heritage, Historic landscape, Innovative map tools, GEOPAN ATL@S APP, Permanencies, Transformations
Abstract. Considering built and landscape heritage, the paper demonstrates how it is necessary to conserve the historic stratification and to define new compatible plans and uses, identifying the ways to mitigate alteration impacts, requalify degraded areas, enhance natural, historic and cultural values, improve documentary and educational options, and manage new tasks and opportunities. Particularly, the historic complexity of built and landscape heritage, and the level of permanence can be recognized and evaluated by comparing multi-temporal historic and current maps, and surveying the present situation in order to define preservation strategies.
Innovative tools (open source map registry, open source GIS data management) support the critical analysis of the maps, the representation of historic stratification, the evaluation of conservation levels, and the definition of heritage reuse and management. Moreover, innovative applications based on advanced Virtual Hub, when used to publish historical maps as Open Data (GEOPAN ATL@S APP), allow a larger public of non-expert users (tourists, citizens, bikers, students, etc.) to access the extraordinary richness of the historical map contents, and navigate across urban landscapes. Such APPs are thus becoming instruments of awareness with a strong pro-active capacity to stimulate new design plans encompassing local cultural identity and rediscovering traces of the past.