HIERARCHICAL STRUCTURE FROM MOTION COMBINING GLOBAL IMAGE ORIENTATION AND STRUCTURELESS BUNDLE ADJUSTMENT
- Institute for Photogrammetry, University of Stuttgart, 70174 Stuttgart, Germany
Keywords: Structure from Motion, Global Image Orientation, Structureless Bundle Adjustment, Hierarchical Image Orientation
Abstract. Global image orientation techniques aim at estimating camera rotations and positions for a whole set of images simultaneously. One of the main arguments for these procedures is an improved robustness against drifting of camera stations in comparison to more classical sequential approaches. Usually, the process consists of computation of absolute rotations and, in a second step, absolute positions for the cameras. Either the first or both steps rely on the network of transformations arising from relative orientations between cameras. Therefore, the quality of the obtained absolute results is influenced by tensions in the network. These may e.g. be induced by insufficient knowledge of the intrinsic camera parameters. Another reason can be found in local weaknesses of image connectivity. We apply a hierarchical approach with intermediate bundle adjustment to reduce these effects. We adopt efficient global techniques which register image triplets based on fixed absolute camera rotations and scaled relative camera translations but do not involve scene structure elements in the fusion step. Our variant employs submodels of arbitrary size, orientation and scale, by computing relative rotations and scales between - and subsequently absolute rotations and scales for - submodels and is applied hierarchically. Furthermore we substitute classical bundle adjustment by a structureless approach based on epipolar geometry and augmented with a scale consistency constraint.