AN ENHANCED ALGORITHM FOR AUTOMATIC RADIOMETRIC HARMONIZATION OF HIGH-RESOLUTION OPTICAL SATELLITE IMAGERY USING PSEUDOINVARIANT FEATURES AND LINEAR REGRESSION
- 1Remote Sensing Technology Institute, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Münchner Str. 20, 82234 Wessling, Germany
- 2GAF AG, Arnulfstr. 199, 80634 München, Germany
Keywords: Radiometric Harmonization, Pseudo-Invariant Features, Sentinel-2, Remote Sensing, Copernicus, GIO, HRL Forest
Abstract. The growing number of available optical remote sensing data providing large spatial and temporal coverage enables the coherent and gapless observation of the earth’s surface on the scale of whole countries or continents. To produce datasets of that size, individual satellite scenes have to be stitched together forming so-called mosaics. Here the problem arises that the different images feature varying radiometric properties depending on the momentary acquisition conditions. The interpretation of optical remote sensing data is to a great extent based on the analysis of the spectral composition of an observed surface reflection. Therefore the normalization of all images included in a large image mosaic is necessary to ensure consistent results concerning the application of procedures to the whole dataset. In this work an algorithm is described which enables the automated spectral harmonization of satellite images to a reference scene. As the stable and satisfying functionality of the proposed algorithm was already put to operational use to process a high number of SPOT-4/-5, IRS LISS-III and Landsat-5 scenes in the frame of the European Environment Agency's Copernicus/GMES Initial Operations (GIO) High-Resolution Layer (HRL) mapping of the HRL Forest for 20 Western, Central and (South)Eastern European countries, it is further evaluated on its reliability concerning the application to newer Sentinel-2 multispectral imaging products. The results show that the algorithm is comparably efficient for the processing of satellite image data from sources other than the sensor configurations it was originally designed for.