FORESTRY EXPANSION DURING THE LAST DECADES IN THE PARAIBA DO SUL BASIN – BRAZIL
- 1Federal Fluminense University, UFF– Geosciences Institute - Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza, s/n - Praia Vermelha Campus, Boa Viagem – Niterói, Brazil
- 2National Institute For Space Research – Earth System Science Centre – INPE/CCST Rod. Pres. Dutra, km 40, Cachoeira Paulista – SP, Brazil
Keywords: forestry, remote sensing, Rain Forest, multitemporal assessment
Abstract. from 1986 to 2010. In this region is situated the most important and largest extension of reminiscent of Mata Atlântica Biome reminiscent. This biome has been one the most exploited Brazilian biome since 1500, when Brazilian colonization begun. To achieve this goal, we use the GIS “SPRING” and images from Landsat 5 Satellite, TM sensor from 1986, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010, distributed by the Brazilian National Institute for Space Research - INPE. The non-supervised-classification was applied to images in order to produce land use and land cover maps. After that, we intersect each classification for each date with the precedent date, so we can analyze the paths of each land use change, focusing forestry expansion in native’s Mata Atlântica areas. The results show that eucalyptus plantations in the region have expanded mostly over fragments of Mata Atlântica. About 99.389 hectares of Mata Atlântica were transformed into forestry in 25 years, an average rate of 4000 ha per year. Clear-cut was largest between 1990 and 1995, when 22810 hectares of rain forest were cut, and between 1995 and 2000, when 21430 hectares were cut.