NON-DESTRUCTIVE SURVEY OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES USING AIRBORNE LASER SCANNING AND GEOPHYSICAL APPLICATIONS
- 1Faculty of Civil Engineering, CTU in Prague, Thákurova 7/2077, 16629 Prague 6, Czech Republic
- 2Východočeské muzeum v Pardubicích, Zámek 2, 53002 Pardubice, Czech Republic
- 3Regionální muzeum v Litomyšli, Jiráskova 9, 57001 Litomyšl, Czech Republic
Keywords: Airborne laser scanning (ALS), Georadar (GPR), Radkov, Archaeological survey, Land survey mapping, Geographical information system (GIS), Georeferencing
Abstract. This paper deals with the non-destructive documentation of the “Radkov” (Svitavy district, Czech Republic) archaeological site. ALS, GPR and land survey mapping will be used for the analysis. The fortified hilltop settlement "Radkov" is an immovable historical monument with preserved relics of anthropogenic origin in relief. Terrain reconnaissance can identify several accentuated objects on site.
ALS enables identification of poorly recognizable archaeological objects and their contexture in the field. Geophysical survey enables defunct objects identification. These objects are hidden below the current ground surface and their layout is crucial. Land survey mapping provides technical support for ALS and GPR survey. It enables data georeferencing in geodetic reference systems. GIS can then be used for data analysis.
M. Cejpová and J. Němcová have studied this site over a long period of time. In 2012 Radkov was surveyed using ALS in the project “The Research of Ancient Road in Southwest Moravia and East Bohemia”. Since 2015 the authors have been examining this site. This paper summarises the existing results of the work of these authors.
The digital elevation model in the form of a grid (GDEM) with a resolution 1 m of 2012 was the basis for this work. In 2015 the survey net, terrain reconnaissance and GPR survey of two archaeological objects were done at the site. GDEM was compared with these datasets. All datasets were processed individually and its results were compared in ArcGIS.
This work was supported by the Grant Agency of the CTU in Prague, grant No. SGS16/063/OHK1/1T/11.