USING REMOTELY SENSED DATA FOR DOCUMENTATION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES IN NORTHEASTERN MESOPOTAMIA
- 1Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Department of Geomatics, Thákurova 7, 166 29, Praha 6, Czech Republic
- 2University of West Bohemia, Faculty of Philosophy and Arts, Department of History, Sedláčkova 38, 306 14, Plzeň, Czech Republic
- 3Palacký University of Olomouc, Faculty of Arts, Department of History, Na Hradě 5, 771 80, Olomouc, Czech Republic
Keywords: Mesopotamia, Archaeology, MULINEM, Remote Sensing, Arbíl, Makhmúr al-Quadíma, Al-Hadítha
Abstract. This paper introduces two archaeological sites documented during the MULINEM (The Medieval Urban Landscape in Northeastern Mesopotamia) project. This project investigates the Late Sasanian and Islamic urban network in the land of Erbil, a historic province of Hidyab (Adiabene) that is located in northern Iraq. The investigated sites are the two deserted cities of Makhmúr al-Quadíma and Al-Hadítha. It is assumed that these two sites used to form large cities with high business and cultural importance in the medieval period. The archaeological locations are endangered by various threats.The Al-Hadítha site seems to be under the control of the „Islamic state“ at the moment and Makhmúr al-Quadíma is located just next to the town of new Makhmúr that expands rapidly and without complex urban plans. Documentation of the archaeological sites has been done by using remotely sensed methods together with in-situ measurements (where available). FORMOSAT-2 data that has been gained through a research announcement: Free FORMOSAT-2 satellite imagery and when combined with other sources (recent and historical data) it provides a powerful documentation tool. In-situ RPAS measurements and a DTM creation furnish a new source of highly valuable information. Influence of the political and security situation in Al-Hadítha will be analysed.