Volume XLI-B4
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLI-B4, 449-451, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLI-B4-449-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XLI-B4, 449-451, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLI-B4-449-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  14 Jun 2016

14 Jun 2016

GEOLOGICAL MAPPING OF PLUTO AND CHARON USING NEW HORIZONS DATA

J. M. Moore1, J. R. Spencer2, W. B. McKinnon3, A. D. Howard4, O. M. White1, O. M. Umurhan1, P. M. Schenk5, R. A. Beyer1, K. Singer2, S. A. Stern2, H. A. Weaver6, L. A. Young2, K. Ennico Smith1, C. Olkin2, and New Horizons Geology and Geophysics Imaging Team1 J. M. Moore et al.
  • 1NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 94035, USA
  • 2Southwest Research Inst., 1050 Walnut St., Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302, USA
  • 3Dept. Earth and Planetary Sciences, Washington Univ. St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA
  • 4Dept. Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
  • 5Lunar and Planetary Inst., 3600 Bay Area Blvd., Houston, TX 77058, USA
  • 6Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD 20723, USA

Keywords: Pluto, Charon, Geological Mapping, Spatial Databases

Abstract. Pluto and Charon exhibit strikingly different surface appearances, despite their similar densities and presumed bulk compositions. Systematic mapping has revealed that much of Pluto’s surface can be attributed to surface-atmosphere interactions and the mobilization of volatile ices by insolation. Many mapped valley systems appear to be the consequence of glaciation involving nitrogen ice. Other geological activity requires or required internal heating. The convection and advection of volatile ices in Sputnik Planum can be powered by present-day radiogenic heat loss. On the other hand, the prominent mountains at the western margin of Sputnik Planum, and the strange, multi-km-high mound features to the south, probably composed of H2O, are young geologically as inferred by light cratering and superposition relationships. Their origin, and what drove their formation so late in Solar System history, is under investigation. The dynamic remolding of landscapes by volatile transport seen on Pluto is not unambiguously evident in the mapping of Charon. Charon does, however, display a large resurfaced plain and globally engirdling extensional tectonic network attesting to its early endogenic vigor.