AUTOMATIC KAPPA ANGLE ESTIMATION FOR AIR PHOTOS BASED ON PHASE ONLY CORRELATION
- PCI Geomatics Inc. 90 Allstate Parkway, Suite 501, Markham, ON L3R 6H3, Canada
Keywords: Kappa, Phase-Only Matching, Azimuth, Strip, Image Space, Object Space
Abstract. The approximate value of exterior orientation parameters is needed for air photo bundle adjustment. Usually the air borne GPS/IMU can provide the initial value for the camera position and attitude angle. However, in some cases, the camera’s attitude angle is not available due to lack of IMU or other reasons. In this case, the kappa angle needs to be estimated for each photo before bundle adjustment. The kappa angle can be obtained from the Ground Control Points (GCPs) in the photo. Unfortunately it is not the case that enough GCPs are always available. In order to overcome this problem, an algorithm is developed to automatically estimate the kappa angle for air photos based on phase only correlation technique. This function has been embedded in PCI software. Extensive experiments show that this algorithm is fast, reliable, and stable.