EVALUATION OF A METRIC CAMERA SYSTEM TAILORED FOR HIGH PRECISION UAV APPLICATIONS
- 1Institute of Optical Sensor Systems, German Aerospace Center, Berlin, Germany
- 2ifp, University of Stuttgart, 70174 Stuttgart, Germany
- 3ITC, University of Twente, 7500 AE Enschede, Netherlands
- 4Department of Geodesy, University of Applied Sciences, Bochum, Germany
Keywords: UAV, Metric Camera, Direct Georeference, RTK-GNSS, Modular Airborne Camera System, MACS, Radiometric Quality, Standardized Photogrammetric Workflow
Abstract. In this paper we present the further evaluation of DLR’s modular airborne camera system MACS-Micro for small unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). The main focus is on standardized calibration procedures and on photogrammetric workflows. The current prototype consists of an industrial grade frame imaging camera with 12 megapixel resolutions and a compact GNSS/IMU solution which are operated by an embedded computing unit (CPU). The camera was calibrated once pre-flight and several times post-flight over a period of 5 month using a three dimensional test field. The verification of the radiometric quality of the acquired images has been done under controlled static conditions and kinematic conditions testing different demosaicing methods. The validation of MACS-Micro is done by comparing a traditional photogrammetric evaluation with the workflows of Agisoft Photoscan and Pix4D Mapper. The analyses are based on an aerial survey of an urban environment using precise ground control points and acquired GNSS observations. Aerial triangulations with different configuratrions of ground control points (GCP’s) had been calculated, comparing the results of using a camera self-calibration and introducing fixed interior orientation parameters for Agisoft and Pix4D. The results are promising concerning the metric characteristics of the used camera and achieved accuracies in this test case. Further aspects have to be evaluated by further expanded test scenarios.