NOVEL APPROACH FOR ESTIMATING NITROGEN CONTENT IN PADDY FIELDS USING LOW ALTITUDE REMOTE SENSING SYSTEM
- 1Laboratory of Signal and Image Processing, Institute of Complex Systems, Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, South Bohemian Research Center of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses, University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice, Zámek 136, Nové Hrady 373 33, Czech Republic
- 2Department of Soil Science and Soil Protection, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, 165 21 Prague, Czech Republic
Keywords: Low altitude remote sensing, Unmanned aerial vehicle, Rice, Vegetation index, Nitrogen
Abstract. Concerns over the use of nitrogen have been increasing due to the high cost of fertilizers and environmental pollutions caused by excess nitrogen application in agricultural fields. Several methods are available to assess the amount of nitrogen in crops, however, they are expensive, time-consuming, inaccurate, and/or require specialists to operate the tools. Researcher recently suggested remote sensing and specifically Low Altitude Remote Sensing (LARS) system of chlorophyll content in crop canopies as a low-cost alternative to estimate plant nitrogen status. The main objective of this study was to develop and test a new Vegetation Index (VI) to determine the status of nitrogen and chlorophyll content in rice leaf by analysing and considering all Visible (Vis) bands. Besides, capability of introduced VI has compared with all known VIs in both Vis and Near Infrared (NIR) bands in canopy scale. To develop the VI, images from 6-pannel leaf colour chart were acquired using Basler Scout scA640-70fc under light-emitting diode lighting, in which principal component analysis was used to retain the lower order principal component to develop a new index called IPCA. A conventional digital camera mounted to an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) was also used to acquire images over the rice canopy in Vis bands. Simultaneously, Tetracam agriculture digital camera was employed to acquire rice canopy image in Vis-NIR bands. The results indicated that the proposed index at canopy (r = 0.78) scale could be used as a sensor to determine the status of chlorophyll content consequently for monitoring nitrogen in rice plant through different growth stages. Moreover, results confirmed that a lowcost LARS system would be suited for high spatial and temporal resolution images and data analysis for proper assessment of key nutrients in crop farming in a fast, inexpensive and non-destructive way.