WCDRR and the CEOS activities on disaters
- 1European Space Agency (ESA), ESRIN, Via G.Galilei, CP 64, 00044 Frascati, Italy
- 2Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Tsukuba Space Center 2-1-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8505 Japan
- 3German Aerospace Center (DLR), Space Administration, Earth Observation, Bonn, Germany
- 4Athena Global, La Frouste, 04150 Simiane-la-Rotonde, France
- 5Group on Earth Observations (GEO) Secretariat, 7 bis, avenue de la Paix, Case postale 2300, 1211 Geneva 2, Switzerland
- 6National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Code 474, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 8800 Greenbelt Road, Greenbelt Maryland 20771, USA
- 7National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), NCWCP E/RA2, 5830 University Research Court, 2nd Floor, Office #2828, College Park, MD 20740 USA
- 8Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI), Osservazione della Terra, Via del Politecnico - 00133 - Rome – Italy
- 9U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, 51 Crater Rim Drive Hawaii National Park, HI 96718, USA
- 10U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), USGS EROS Center, 47914 252nd St, Garretson, SD 57030, USA
Keywords: satellite, international cooperation, disaster risk reduction
Abstract. Agencies from CEOS (Committee on Earth Observation Satellites) have traditionally focused their efforts on the response phase. Rapid urbanization and increased severity of weather events has led to growing economic and human losses from disasters, requiring international organisations to act now in all disaster risk management (DRM) phases, especially through improved disaster risk reduction policies and programmes. As part of this effort, CEOS agencies have initiated a series of actions aimed at fostering the use of Earth observation (EO) data to support disaster risk reduction and at raising the awareness of policy and decision-makers and major stakeholders of the benefits of using satellite EO in all phases of DRM.
CEOS is developing a long-term vision for sustainable application of satellite EO to all phases of DRM. CEOS is collaborating with regional representatives of the DRM user community, on a multi-hazard project involving three thematic pilots (floods, seismic hazards and volcanoes) and a Recovery Observatory that supports resilient recovery from one major disaster. These pilot activities are meant as trail blazers that demonstrate the potential offered by satellite EO for comprehensive DRM.
In the framework of the 2015 3rd World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR), the CEOS space agencies intend to partner with major stakeholders, including UN organizations, the Group on Earth Observations (GEO), international relief agencies, leading development banks, and leading regional DRM organisations, to define and implement a 15-year plan of actions (2015- 2030) that responds to high-level Post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction priorities. This plan of action will take into account lessons learned from the CEOS pilot activities.