Fire Monitoring - The use of medium resolution satellites (AVHRR, MODIS, TET) for long time series processing and the implementation in User Driven Applications and Services
- 1German Aerospace Center(DLR), Earth Observation Center, German Remote Sensing Data Center, Department Geo-Risks and Civil Security, Oberpfaffenhofen, 82234 Weßling, Germany
- 2German Aerospace Center(DLR), Earth Observation Center, German Remote Sensing Data Center, Department Land Surface, Oberpfaffenhofen, 82234 Weßling, Germany
Keywords: Fires, Hot Spot Detection, Burnt Area Mapping, Prediction/Early Warning, Time Series, Decision Support Service
Abstract. This paper introduces fire monitoring works of two different projects, namely TIMELINE (TIMe Series Processing of Medium Resolution Earth Observation Data assessing Long –Term Dynamics In our Natural Environment) and PHAROS (Project on a Multi-Hazard Open Platform for Satellite Based Downstream Services). It describes the evolution from algorithm development from in applied research to the implementation in user driven applications and systems. Concerning TIMELINE, the focus of the work lies on hot spot detection. A detailed description of the choice of a suitable algorithm (round robin approach) will be given. Moreover, strengths and weaknesses of the AVHRR sensor for hot spot detection, a literature review, the study areas and the selected approach will be highlighted. The evaluation showed that the contextual algorithm performed best, and will therefore be used for final implementation. Concerning the PHAROS project, the key aspect is on the use of satellite-based information to provide valuable support to all phases of disaster management. The project focuses on developing a pre-operational sustainable service platform that integrates space-based EO (Earth Observation), terrestrial sensors and communication and navigation assets to enhance the availability of services and products following a multi-hazard approach.