Estimation of Biomass Carbon Stocks over Peat Swamp Forests using Multi-Temporal and Multi-Polratizations SAR Data
- 1Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Forest and Environment Programme, Indonesia
- 2Universidade Estadual de Santa Catarina (UDESC), Centro de Ciências Agroveterinárias (CAV), Santa Catarina, Brasil
- 3Faculty of Forestry, Gadjah Mada University, Jl. Sosio Yustisia, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia
Keywords: Forests, Biodiversity and Terrestrial Ecosystems (BIOD theme)
Abstract. The capability of L-band radar backscatter to penetrate through the forest canopy is useful for mapping the forest structure, including above ground biomass (AGB) estimation. Recent studies confirmed that the empirical AGB models generated from the L-band radar backscatter can provide favourable estimation results, especially if the data has dual-polarization configuration. Using dual polarimetry SAR data the backscatter signal is more sensitive to forest biomass and forest structure because of tree trunk scattering, thus showing better discriminations of different forest successional stages. These SAR approaches, however, need to be further studied for the application in tropical peatlands ecosystem We aims at estimating forest carbon stocks and stand biophysical properties using combination of multi-temporal and multi-polarizations (quad-polarimetric) L-band SAR data and focuses on tropical peat swamp forest over Kampar Peninsula at Riau Province, Sumatra, Indonesia which is one of the most peat abundant region in the country.
Applying radar backscattering (Sigma nought) to model the biomass we found that co-polarizations (HH and VV) band are more sensitive than cross-polarization channels (HV and VH). Individual HH polarization channel from April 2010 explained > 86% of AGB. Whereas VV polarization showed strong correlation coefficients with LAI, tree height, tree diameter and basal area. Surprisingly, polarimetric anisotropy feature from April 2007 SAR data show relatively high correlations with almost all forest biophysical parameters. Polarimetric anisotropy, which explains the ratio between the second and the first dominant scattering mechanism from a target has reduced at some extent the randomness of scattering mechanism, thus improve the predictability of this particular feature in estimating the forest properties. These results may be influenced by local seasonal variations of the forest as well as moisture, but available quad-pol SAR data were unable to show these patterns, since all the SAR data were acquired during the rainy season.
The results of multi-regression analysis in predicting above ground biomass shows that ALOS PALSAR data acquired in 2010 has outperformed other time series data. This is probably due to the fact that land cover change in the area from 2007 – 2009 was highly dynamic, converting natural forests into rubber and Acacia plantations, thus SAR data of 2010 which was acquired in between of two field campaigns has provided significant results (F = 40.7, P < 0.005). In general, we found that polarimetric features have improved the models performance in estimating AGB. Surprising results come from single HH polarization band from April 2010 that has a strong correlation with AGB (r = 0.863). Also, HH polarization band of 2009 SAR image resulted in a moderate correlation with AGB (r = 0.440).