The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume XL-7/W3
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XL-7/W3, 1367–1373, 2015
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XL-7/W3, 1367–1373, 2015

  30 Apr 2015

30 Apr 2015

Innovation Technologies and Applications for Coastal Archaeological sites

A. Di Iorio1, D. Biliouris2, R. Guzinski3, L. B. Hansen3, and M. Bagni4 A. Di Iorio et al.
  • 1ALMA Sistemi sas, Via Dei Nasturzi 4, 00012 Guidonia (Rome), Italy
  • 2Planetek Hellas EPE, 44 Kifisias Avenue, 15125 Marousi, Athens, Greece
  • 3DHI GRAS A/S, Agern Allé 5 DK-2970 Hørsholm Denmark
  • 4Kell Srl, Via E. Q. Visconti, 8 00193 Roma, Italy

Keywords: Remote Sensing, Underwater archaeology, shape detection, SAR, Multispectral

Abstract. Innovation Technologies and Applications for Coastal Archaeological sites project (ITACA) aims to develop and test a management system for underwater archaeological sites in coastal regions. The discovering and monitoring service will use innovative satellite remote sensing techniques combined with image processing algorithms. The project will develop a set of applications integrated in a system pursuing the following objectives:

– Search and location of ancient ship wrecks;

– Monitoring of ship wrecks, ruins and historical artefacts that are now submerged;

– Integration of resulting search and monitoring data with on-site data into a management tool for underwater sites;

– Demonstration of the system’s suitability for a service.

High resolution synthetic aperture radar (TerraSAR-X, Cosmo-SkyMed) and multispectral satellite data (WorldView) will be combined to derive the relative bathymetry of the bottom of the sea up to the depth of 50 meters. The resulting data fusion will be processed using shape detection algorithms specific for archaeological items. The new algorithms, the physical modelling and the computational capabilities will be integrated into the Web-GIS, together with data recorded from surface (2D and 3D modelling) and from underwater surveys. Additional specific archaeological layers will be included into the WebGIS to facilitate the object identification through shape detection techniques and mapping. The system will be verified and validated through an extensive onground (sea) campaign carried out with both cutting edge technologies (side-scan sonar, multi beam echo sounder) and traditional means (professional scuba divers) in two test sites in Italy and Greece.

The project is leaded by Planetek Hellas E.P.E. and include ALMA Sistemi sas for the “shape detection” and dissemination tasks, DHI-GRAS and Kell Srl for multispectral and SAR bathymetry. The complete consortium is composed by eleven partners and the project Kick-Off has been held in January 2014. The present contribution aims to present the project research achievements and finding at the mid-term review.