The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
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Articles | Volume XL-7/W3
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XL-7/W3, 1215–1220, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-7-W3-1215-2015
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XL-7/W3, 1215–1220, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-7-W3-1215-2015

  30 Apr 2015

30 Apr 2015

INITIAL CHECKOUT RESULTS OF THE COMPACT INFRARED CAMERA (CIRC) FOR EARTH OBSERVATION

E. Kato1, H. Katayama1, M. Sakai1, Y. Nakajima1, T. Kimura1, K. Nakau2, and H. Tonooka3 E. Kato et al.
  • 1Japan Aerospace Exploration (JAXA), Satellite Applications Mission Directorate I, Satellite Technology Innovation Office, Sensor System Research Group, Ibaraki, Japan
  • 2Hokkaido University, Hokkaido, Japan
  • 3Ibaraki University, Ibaraki, Japan

Keywords: Thermal infrared imaging, uncooled infrared array detector, wildfire, ALOS-2, JEM-CALET

Abstract. Compact Infrared Camera (CIRC) is a technology-demonstration instrument equipped with an uncooled infrared array detector (microbolometer) for space application. CIRC is the first microbolometer sensor without a calibration function in orbit, like a shutter system or an onboard blackbody. The main objective of the CIRC is to detect wildfires, which are major and chronic disasters affecting various countries of Southeast Asia, particularly considering the effects of global warming and climate change. The CIRC achieves a small size (approximately 200 mm), light mass (approximately 3 kg), and low electrical power consumption (<20 W) by employing athermal optics and a shutterless system. The CIRC can be consequently mounted on multiple satellites to enable highfrequency observation. Installation of CIRCs on the ALOS-2 and on the JEM/CALET is expected to increase observation frequency. We present the initial check-out results of the CIRC onboard ALOS-2. Since the initial check-out phase (July 4–14, 2014), the CIRC has acquired the images of Earth. CIRC was demonstrated to function according to its intended design. After the early calibration validation phase, which confirmed the temperature accuracy of observed data, CIRC data has been available to the public January 2015 onward. We also introduce a few observational results about wildfire, volcanoes, and heat-island.