Application of geophysical methods for monitoring of surface and subsurface changes of origin archaeological terrains &ndahs; case studies of sites in the Czech Republic
- Institute of Archaeology of the Academy of Sci e n ces of the Czech Republic, Prague, v.v.i., Department of Archaeology of Landscape and Archaeobiology, Letenská 4, 118 01 Prague 1, Czech Republic
Keywords: Geophysical method, Non-destructive Archaeology, Magnetometric measurement, Hillfort, Enclosed area, Czech Republic
Abstract. Geophysical methods could be used in wider scale for monitoring of changes of different archaeological terrains and types of archaeological situations. Agriculture, afforestation or other changes of land use play important role in real preservation of surface and subsurface and subsoil archaeological layers. Quality of many prehistoric, early medieval or medieval archaeological sites is rapidly changing during the time. Many of archaeological situations are today preserved only as subsurface remains of archaeological situations and various anthropogenic activities. A substantial part of these activities and their state of preservation can still be also traced by geophysical methods. Four examples from various types of archaeological sites in this paper document different possibilities of applied geophysical methods always dependent on state of archaeological site and conditions of measurements.