The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
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Articles | Volume XL-5/W3
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XL-5/W3, 27–32, 2013
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-5-W3-27-2013
Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XL-5/W3, 27–32, 2013
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-5-W3-27-2013
 
07 Jan 2014
07 Jan 2014

APPLICATION OF LASER SCANNING SURVEYING TO ROCK SLOPES RISK ASSESSMENT ANALYSIS

M. Corsetti, P. J. V. D'Aranno, M. Marsella, S. Scifoni, and A. Sonnessa M. Corsetti et al.
  • DICEA, Dept. of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, University of Roma La Sapienza, Italy

Keywords: Terrestrial Laser Scanning, rock slope surveying, monitoring

Abstract. The methods for understanding rock instability mechanisms and for evaluating potential destructive scenarios are of great importance in risk assessment analysis dedicated to the establishment of appropriate prevention and mitigation actions. When the portion of the unstable rock mass is very large, effective actions to counteract the risks are complex and expensive. In these conditions, an optimal risk management cannot ignore procedures able to faster and accurately acquire i) geometrical data for modeling the geometry of the rock walls and implementing reliable forecasting models and ii) monitoring data able to describe the magnitude and the direction of deformation processes. These data contributes to the prediction of the behavior of a landslide if the measurements are acquired frequently and reliable numerical models can be implemented. Innovative geomatic techniques, based on GPS, Terrestrial Laser Scanning Surveying (TLS), automated total station and satellite and ground SAR Interferometry, have been recently applied to define the geometry and monitoring the displacements of unstable slopes. Among these, TLS is mainly adopted to generate detailed 3D models useful to reconstruct rock wall geometry by contributing to the estimation of geo-mechanical parameters, that is orientation, persistence and apparent spacing of rock discontinuities. Two examples of applications of TLS technique to the analysis of a large front in a quarry and of a rock shoulder of a dam are presented.