UNDERWATER CALIBRATION OF DOME PORT PRESSURE HOUSINGS
- 13D Optical Metrology unit, Bruno Kessler Foundation (FBK), via Sommarive 18, Trento 38123, Italy
- 2Politecnico di Milano, ABC Dep. 3DSurvey Group, via Ponzio 31, Milano 20133, Italy
Keywords: Underwater, Photogrammetry, Camera calibration, Decentring distortion
Abstract. Underwater photogrammetry using consumer grade photographic equipment can be feasible for different applications, e.g. archaeology, biology, industrial inspections, etc. The use of a camera underwater can be very different from its terrestrial use due to the optical phenomena involved. The presence of the water and camera pressure housing in front of the camera act as additional optical elements. Spherical dome ports are difficult to manufacture and consequently expensive but at the same time they are the most useful for underwater photogrammetry as they keep the main geometric characteristics of the lens unchanged. Nevertheless, the manufacturing and alignment of dome port pressure housing components can be the source of unexpected changes of radial and decentring distortion, source of systematic errors that can influence the final 3D measurements. The paper provides a brief introduction of underwater optical phenomena involved in underwater photography, then presents the main differences between flat and dome ports to finally discuss the effect of manufacturing on 3D measurements in two case studies.