The features of the use of GIS technologies for monitoring of the situation of main water lines in Azerbaijan
- Baku state University, Geographical Faculty, Department of Geodesy and Cartography, 23, Z. Khalilov str, Baku, AZ 1048, Azerbaijan
Keywords: Environment, GIS, Monitoring, Image, Modeling, Water supply
Abstract. The characteristic feature of the unified system of water supply of Azerbaijan is the large spatial remoteness between the main water sources (Greater and Small Caucasian mountains) and water-using economic areas (Baku, Ganja, Sumgait etc).
When operating the pipelines arise accident and emergency situations, which are connected with interaction of the technological elements of the water supply and the natural environment. Often this process is a violation of dynamic equilibrium, and is accompanied by activation of dangerous natural and natural-anthropogenic processes that have a negative impact on the condition of pipelines. Given that in Azerbaijan the basis of the water supply network was put in the XIX century, it is necessary to pay close attention to the assessment of the ecological situation of main lines of water pipelines, i.e. to conduct their monitoring.
Ensuring the reliability of existing and planned pipelines, a comprehensive study of the impacts on the natural environment during the construction and operation of the technical facilities, the organization of system of information and analytical monitoring requires a comprehensive attract the materials of the aerospace sensing and GIS technologies.
In this paper describe the work experience and are the results of monitoring of pipelines of water supply in Azerbaijan.