TERRAIN EXTRACTION BY INTEGRATING TERRESTRIAL LASER SCANNER DATA AND SPECTRAL INFORMATION
- Department of Geoinformation, Faculty of Geoinformation and Real Estate, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM Skudai, Malaysia
- Department of Surveying Science and Geomatic, Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi Mara (Perlis), Malaysia
- School of Civil Engineering and Surveying, University of Southern Queensland, Australia
Keywords: Terrestrial Laser Scanner, Colour Image, Spectral Information, Integration, Terrain Extraction
Abstract. The extraction of true terrain points from unstructured laser point cloud data is an important process in order to produce an accurate digital terrain model (DTM). However, most of these spatial filtering methods just utilizing the geometrical data to discriminate the terrain points from nonterrain points. The point cloud filtering method also can be improved by using the spectral information available with some scanners. Therefore, the objective of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of using the three-channel (red, green and blue) of the colour image captured from built-in digital camera which is available in some Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS) for terrain extraction. In this study, the data acquisition was conducted at a mini replica landscape in Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Skudai campus using Leica ScanStation C10. The spectral information of the coloured point clouds from selected sample classes are extracted for spectral analysis. The coloured point clouds which within the corresponding preset spectral threshold are identified as that specific feature point from the dataset. This process of terrain extraction is done through using developed Matlab coding. Result demonstrates that a higher spectral resolution passive image is required in order to improve the output. This is because low quality of the colour images captured by the sensor contributes to the low separability in spectral reflectance. In conclusion, this study shows that, spectral information is capable to be used as a parameter for terrain extraction.