Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XL-2/W2, 121-127, 2013
https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-2-W2-121-2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
 
21 Aug 2013
REAL-TIME GIS AND ITS APPLICATION IN INDOOR FIRE DISASTER
W. Xu1, Q. Zhu1, Y. Zhang1, Y. Ding1, and M. Hu2 1State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, China
2Institute of Space and Earth Information Science, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Keywords: Real-time GIS, Spatiotemporal Data Model, Indoor Fire Disaster Abstract. GIS is now faced with the challenge how to represent and understand the fast-paced, constantly changing world, given increasingly real-time data including readings from large-scale distributed sensors and large quantities of simulation data generated by computation models. Traditional static GIS pays more attention to representing historic data and Temporal GIS(TGIS) only treats time as a occasional but not critical factor and can't support the explicit change representation. In this context, Real-time GIS(RGIS) is put forward and its data model becomes a key problem how to make an appropriate abstraction over the rapid changes implied in real-time data stream and establish the general interaction relationship between them. The paper proposes a spatiotemporal changeoriented three-domain model with the emphasis on the semantic interaction relationship of object, event and process. Based on this model, a semantic enrichment method for multi-scale spatiotemporal change is put forward. Finally, as a RGIS application, indoor fire disaster simulation is illustrated and proves the validity of the proposed model.
Conference paper (PDF, 628 KB)


Citation: Xu, W., Zhu, Q., Zhang, Y., Ding, Y., and Hu, M.: REAL-TIME GIS AND ITS APPLICATION IN INDOOR FIRE DISASTER, Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XL-2/W2, 121-127, https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-2-W2-121-2013, 2013.

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