DRILL CORE MINERAL ANALYSIS BY MEANS OF THE HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGING SPECTROMETER HySpex, XRD AND ASD IN PROXIMITY OF THE MÝTINA MAAR, CZECH REPUBLIC
- 1Helmholtz Center Potsdam, German Research Center for Geosciences, Telegrafenberg, Potsdam 14473, Germany
- 2Freie University of Berlin, Malteserstrasse 74–100, Berlin 12249, Germany
- 3USGS Denver Spectroscopy Lab, West 6th Ave. & Kipling St., DFC Bldg. 20 Lakewood, CO 80225-0046, USA
- 4University of Potsdam, Institut for Earth- and Environmental studies, Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24–25, Potsdam 14476, Germany
Keywords: Remote Sensing, Imaging Spectroscopy, Geology, Drill Cores, Mineralogy, Mýtina maar
Abstract. Imaging spectroscopy is increasingly used for surface mapping. Therefore different expert systems are being utilized to identify surface cover materials. Those expert systems mainly rely on the spectral comparison between unknown and library spectra, but their performances were only limited qualified. This study aims on the comparative analysis of drill core samples from the recently discovered maar system in the Czech Republic. Drill core samples from the surrounding area of the Mýtina maar were analyzed by X-Ray diffraction (XRD) and the hyperspectral spectrometer HySpex. Additionally, soil samples were measured in-situ by the ASD FieldSpec4 and in the laboratory by the HySpex VNIR/SWIR spectrometer system. The data was then analyzed by the MICA-algorithm and the results were compared to the results of the XRD -analysis. The XRD-analysis served here as validation basis. The results of the hyperspectral and the XRD analyses were used to densify a volcanic map that also integrates in-situ soil measurements in the surrounding area of Mýtina. The comparison of the XRD- and solaroptical remote sensing results showed a good correlation of qualified minerals if the soil organic carbon content was significantly low. Contrary to XRD, smectites and muscovites were also straightforward identified that underlines the overall performance of the approach to identify minerals. Basically, in this work an operable approach is proposed that enables the fast, repeatable and detailed analysis of drill cores, drill core samples and soil samples and, hence, provides a higher performance than state-of-the-art XRD-analyses.