Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XXXVIII-4/W19, 101-103, 2011
http://www.int-arch-photogramm-remote-sens-spatial-inf-sci.net/XXXVIII-4-W19/101/2011/
doi:10.5194/isprsarchives-XXXVIII-4-W19-101-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
 
07 Sep 2012
AUTOMATIC ROAD GAP DETECTION USING FUZZY INFERENCE SYSTEM
S. Hashemi, M. J. Valadan Zoej, and M. Mokhtarzadeh Faculty of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering, K.N.Toosi.University of Technology, Vali-e-asr St., Mirdamad Cross, Tehran, Iran, P.C. 1996715433
Keywords: Gap Detection, Road network, Fuzzy Inference System Abstract. Automatic feature extraction from aerial and satellite images is a high-level data processing which is still one of the most important research topics of the field.
In this area, most of the researches are focused on the early step of road detection, where road tracking methods, morphological analysis, dynamic programming and snakes, multi-scale and multi-resolution methods, stereoscopic and multi-temporal analysis, hyper spectral experiments, are some of the mature methods in this field. Although most researches are focused on detection algorithms, none of them can extract road network perfectly. On the other hand, post processing algorithms accentuated on the refining of road detection results, are not developed as well.
In this article, the main is to design an intelligent method to detect and compensate road gaps remained on the early result of road detection algorithms. The proposed algorithm consists of five main steps as follow:
1) Short gap coverage: In this step, a multi-scale morphological is designed that covers short gaps in a hierarchical scheme.
2) Long gap detection: In this step, the long gaps, could not be covered in the previous stage, are detected using a fuzzy inference system. for this reason, a knowledge base consisting of some expert rules are designed which are fired on some gap candidates of the road detection results.
3) Long gap coverage: In this stage, detected long gaps are compensated by two strategies of linear and polynomials for this reason, shorter gaps are filled by line fitting while longer ones are compensated by polynomials.
4) Accuracy assessment: In order to evaluate the obtained results, some accuracy assessment criteria are proposed. These criteria are obtained by comparing the obtained results with truly compensated ones produced by a human expert. The complete evaluation of the obtained results whit their technical discussions are the materials of the full paper.

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Citation: Hashemi, S., Valadan Zoej, M. J., and Mokhtarzadeh, M.: AUTOMATIC ROAD GAP DETECTION USING FUZZY INFERENCE SYSTEM, Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., XXXVIII-4/W19, 101-103, doi:10.5194/isprsarchives-XXXVIII-4-W19-101-2011, 2011.

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